Hair: Naturally and artificially divided into two. Natural bow hair is made from horsetail. It gives a clearer sound and its usage time is much longer than artificial hairs. Artificial bristles are made of plastic materials. With friction, the amount of hair and the brightness of the sound decrease over time.
Frog (Bottom): It is the part where the head part of the bristles is connected. At the same time, the base of the bow is to be held by hand.
Screw: Located at the bottom of the bow. It is the screw that allows adjusting the tension of the bristles.
Winding: It is the part made of plastic or metal material located in the bottom area of the spring bar so that the index finger does not slide back and forth.
Stick: It is made of special trees and has a tapering structure towards the tip. The slope in the middle gives the spring flexibility. The value and weight of the bow vary according to the type of tree used.
Tip: It is also the thinnest part of the spring rod, where the bristles are attached at the top. In the end, a piece of ivory, usually made of glue, is attached to the spring cap. This part prevents the cap from cracking. At the same time, it ensures the hairs to stand properly.
Although not part of the bow, the rosin should be used to allow the bristles to easily rub against the wires.
If you are playing the professional violin, the materials used in the construction of the bow are very important for the right tones. The Pernambuco tree is used in the rod section of a high-quality arsenal. This tree grows only in the Atlantic Forests of Brazil. Horses living on the border with Mongolia and China are preferred for bow hairs. The reason is that the horses of the horses living here usually have the same thickness and are more resistant.
In order to get a good sound from the violin, the quality of the violin bow is as important as the quality of the violin. In order to capture the right tones, we must make a good selection of bows. In this article, we talked about the parts of the violin bow, how to choose and how to protect it. You can also check out our other blog posts.